Dec 182009
 

From cyberciti.biz
The netstat command and pipe feature can be used to dig out information about a particular IP address connection. You can find out total established connections, closing connection, SYN and FIN bits and much more. You can also display summary statistics for each protocol using netstat.

This is useful to find out if your server is under attack or not. You can also list abusive IP address using this method.

# netstat -nat | awk '{print $6}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -n

Output:

1 CLOSE_WAIT
1 established)
1 Foreign
3 FIN_WAIT1
3 LAST_ACK
13 ESTABLISHED
17 LISTEN
154 FIN_WAIT2
327 TIME_WAIT

Dig out more information about a specific ip address:
netstat -nat |grep {IP-address} | awk '{print $6}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -n

2 LAST_ACK
2 LISTEN
4 FIN_WAIT1
14 ESTABLISHED
91 TIME_WAIT
130 FIN_WAIT2

Busy server can give out more information:
netstat -nat |grep 202.54.1.10 | awk '{print $6}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -n
Output:

15 CLOSE_WAIT
37 LAST_ACK
64 FIN_WAIT_1
65 FIN_WAIT_2
1251 TIME_WAIT
3597 SYN_SENT
5124 ESTABLISHED

Get List Of All Unique IP Address

To print list of all unique IP address connected to server, enter:
netstat -nat | awk '{ print $5}' | cut -d: -f1 | sed -e '/^$/d' | uniq
To print total of all unique IP address, enter:
netstat -nat | awk '{ print $5}' | cut -d: -f1 | sed -e '/^$/d' | uniq | wc -l
Output:

449

Find Out If Box is Under DoS Attack or Not

If you think your Linux box is under attack, print out a list of open connections on your box and sorts them by according to IP address, enter:

netstat -atun | awk '{print $5}' | cut -d: -f1 | sed -e '/^$/d' |sort | uniq -c | sort -n
Output:

1 10.0.77.52
2 10.1.11.3
4 12.109.42.21
6 12.191.136.3
.....
...
....
13 202.155.209.202
18 208.67.222.222
28 0.0.0.0
233 127.0.0.1

You can simply block all abusive IPs using iptables or just null route them.

Get Live View of TCP Connections

You can use tcptrack command to display the status of TCP connections that it sees on a given network interface. tcptrack monitors their state and displays information such as state, source/destination addresses and bandwidth usage in a sorted, updated list very much like the top command.
Display Summary Statistics for Each Protocol

Simply use netstat -s:

netstat -s | less
netstat -t -s | less
netstat -u -s | less
netstat -w -s | less
netstat -s
Output:

Ip:
88354557 total packets received
0 forwarded
0 incoming packets discarded
88104061 incoming packets delivered
96037391 requests sent out
13 outgoing packets dropped
66 fragments dropped after timeout
295 reassemblies required
106 packets reassembled ok
66 packet reassembles failed
34 fragments failed
Icmp:
18108 ICMP messages received
58 input ICMP message failed.
ICMP input histogram:
destination unreachable: 7173
timeout in transit: 472
redirects: 353
echo requests: 10096
28977 ICMP messages sent
0 ICMP messages failed
ICMP output histogram:
destination unreachable: 18881
echo replies: 10096
Tcp:
1202226 active connections openings
2706802 passive connection openings
7394 failed connection attempts
47018 connection resets received
23 connections established
87975383 segments received
95235730 segments send out
681174 segments retransmited
2044 bad segments received.
80805 resets sent
Udp:
92689 packets received
14611 packets to unknown port received.
0 packet receive errors
96755 packets sent
TcpExt:
48452 invalid SYN cookies received
7357 resets received for embryonic SYN_RECV sockets
43 ICMP packets dropped because they were out-of-window
5 ICMP packets dropped because socket was locked
2672073 TCP sockets finished time wait in fast timer
441 time wait sockets recycled by time stamp
368562 delayed acks sent
430 delayed acks further delayed because of locked socket
Quick ack mode was activated 36127 times
32318597 packets directly queued to recvmsg prequeue.
741479256 packets directly received from backlog
1502338990 packets directly received from prequeue
18343750 packets header predicted
10220683 packets header predicted and directly queued to user
17516622 acknowledgments not containing data received
36549771 predicted acknowledgments
102672 times recovered from packet loss due to fast retransmit
Detected reordering 1596 times using reno fast retransmit
Detected reordering 1 times using time stamp
8 congestion windows fully recovered
32 congestion windows partially recovered using Hoe heuristic
19 congestion windows recovered after partial ack
0 TCP data loss events
39951 timeouts after reno fast retransmit
29653 timeouts in loss state
197005 fast retransmits
186937 retransmits in slow start
131433 other TCP timeouts
TCPRenoRecoveryFail: 20217
147 times receiver scheduled too late for direct processing
29010 connections reset due to unexpected data
365 connections reset due to early user close
6979 connections aborted due to timeout

Display Interface Table

You can easily display dropped and total transmitted packets with netstat for eth0:
netstat --interfaces eth0
Output:

Kernel Interface table
Iface MTU Met RX-OK RX-ERR RX-DRP RX-OVR TX-OK TX-ERR TX-DRP TX-OVR Flg
eth0 1500 0 2040929 0 0 0 3850539 0 0 0 BMRU

 Posted by at 4:41 am